Bona Fide Member
Any interest in a GS training thread re scoring?
I know lots of folks here are not IJS experts -from the withering comments those who are very CoP knowledgeable give when someone makes a statement that isn't correct and out come the stats etc. LOL. So if there is any interest in this, maybe GS -Paula and Mods like Doris and Mathman who seem quite up to date on scoring will do something formal. Maybe there is no need for it and I am the one behind. Maybe in the off season there will be some time and interest. I know Doris did some of this with dance. I watch the top dancers who seem equal-the programs are what does it for me- but am more interested in singles and then pairs.
If there are any scoring controversies from Worlds- that'd be a place to start. I have seen Chan's LP, saw him fall, mess up a 3x3- lose his momentum on a camel spin, I think, I heard Joubert was clean, I have not really seen the others. Is this the usual Patrick killed Daisuke on PCS? I will eventually watch these skates. I do not understand why Ashley did not get a season's best with her skate, and I think she is so much better than Leonova. Did they pre-select Caro Leonova and Akiko? I can see Mao would have been preferred if she skated well, but she made multiple errors. It doesn't seem it was planned to be a podium for Ashley. I think all three did well, but Ashley seemed to be underscored and the ladies in general were I think underscored.
I saw Ashley maybe two foot one jump, otherwise, she was clean to my untrained eye? saw nothing else but I don't watch her to count rotations or pick up a wrong edge. I'm not that astute at one watch. Skaters see this stuff immediately. So I have some questioons about Patrick and the men, as usual, and wonder what happened that Ashley seems to me underscored? Any response to idea of thread apprecxiated. If none, I'll assume them that know are satisfied, and others are more casual watchers who aren't into the scoring. Thanks so much anyone/everyone!
Last edited by skateluvr; 04-04-2012 at 06:01 PM.
Wicked Yankee Girl
We are in the process of trying to compile references about understanding the rules and the scoring in the Reference section of the forum here:
It is a sub folder under the Lutz Corner.
You might like to start with the educational videos that show the scores come up as the skating comes across.
I don't know the singles and pairs rules as well as I know the dance rules. I will be writing more sections for Reference, so do check in and see what we've got.
It takes quite a while to write anything like this fairly well, so please be patient and check in often.
Also, if there is a particular question you would like answered, please start a thread and someone will try to answer it.
You'll probably want to check out the new References section of the Golden Skate Forum: http://www.goldenskate.com/forum/for...319-References
There isn't a thread for singles and pairs basics there yet, so maybe this one can serve that purpose.
ISU documentation on the scoring system
Singles and Pairs documents
Unfortunately the link to Communication 1672 is broken -- it will probably be superseded by some new rules in a few months.
Meanwhile, 1611 is mostly up to date.
For the later changes in levels of difficulty and Scale of Values, you can see the excerpts on the USFigureSkating technical information page.
Before addressing specific examples, especially controversial ones, make sure you have a grasp on the general principles of how the scoring system works. I (or Doris or another Golden Skate poster) could summarize in this thread, or you can read the ISU's summary.
We could probably have separate discussions of what the technical panel does, what the judges do in scoring elements, and what the judges do in scoring program components.
Bona Fide Member
Thanks so much Doris and Gkelley. It is good to have an ongoing place to go and learn at your own pace.
I was wondering Gkelly, as a skater and expert in IJS, do you feel Ashley was underscored? I saw a footdown. Were there under rotattions or edge calls I did not pick up on? Thanks.
Hey skateluvr, I tried to breakdown Ashley's score here:
Originally Posted by skateluvr
Bona Fide Member
Thanks Mrs. P. How about the LP? She only maybe doublefooted one jump. I know Leonova's is a more difficult LP and Akiko skates so fast. I guess her placiment in the Sp cost her thre bronze even though she won bronze for the LP? I know there is goodninfo in the comp threads but 60 pages or so I can't wade through. So much else to do! Thanks again.
I haven't watched the freeskates yet so I have no opinion.
Originally Posted by skateluvr
You can see the scores, including one underrotation call and one edge call, in the detailed protocols.
That will show you where each of the skaters earned points and where she lost some.
If you have questions about the scores for specific elements I'm sure some Golden Skate posters will be able to answer them.
Program components are harder to explain because they're more subjective and there aren't any hard and fast rules about what number corresponds to what skill level. The judges get a feel for it through experience, and sometimes they disagree with each other, so you might disagree too. The program component explanations show the guidelines that judges take into account to come up with those scores.
Bona Fide Member
As, always, we are lucky to have skaters past and present who truly understand this complicated sport/art. Thanks G.
Bona Fide Member
This is quite a substantial undertaking, requiring hours and hours of research even to begin. Speaking for myself, I am not an expert in the ISU judging system, and I don't skate. I do not know what a counter or a Mohawk is. The ISU, through its hundreds of "Communications" publishes continual explanations, clarifications, and changes aimed at technical specials, other skating officials, and coaches. These are virtually impossible to keep up with. How is the choreographed spiral scored? How many revolutions do you have to do in each position to get a "feature" toward a "level"?
For my own use, I have found these two documents to be the most helpful. Communication 1611 has all of the numbers. Base values for all the elements, increments for GOEs, "bullets" for positive and negative GOEs, and features for levels of spins and step sequences. It is lengthy, but not hard to read (mostly just long columns of numbers).
http://www.isu.org/vsite/vnavsite/pa...v-list,00.html (Click on Communication 1611)
The document "Explanation of program components" lists what the judges are supposedly looking for in the program components marks. It is less helpful than communications 1611 for the technical scores. I do not really understand what they are getting at in some of their terminology. Or rather, I shoud say I don't see how the judges are supposed to measure these things.
For instance, one of the features for the performance/execution mark is "the skater radiates energy resulting in an invisible connection with the audience." At the recent worlds the audience booed Patrick Chan, but he got a 9 in this category anyway. I guess the judges thought that he was "emotionally sincere" to an outstanding degree (one of the other bullets.)
(Not to be picking on Patrick, just illustrating the difficulties of explaining or understanding the scoring system.)
http://www.isu.org/vsite/vnavsite/pa...v-list,00.html (Click on "Explanation of program components)
Wicked Yankee Girl
In some ways, the dance PCS rules are clearer (go figure :rolleyes: The most subjective discipline has the most understandable document-but they redo it by 30 pages every year.)
For the benefit of anyone who's new to the whole scoring process, I'll summarize the ISU's summary here.
Originally Posted by gkelly
There are two parts to the scoring for each performance and two groups of officials who contribute to them.
First is the Technical Elements Score
Skaters perform technical elements, with different requirements and restrictions based on competition level (senior, junior, novice), discipline (men's singles, ladies' singles, pairs), and competition phase (short and long program).
Pairs have more kinds of elements that I won't get into right now.
Singles have jumps, spins, step sequences, and currently for senior ladies' long programs only there's also a "choreographed spiral sequence."
Each element has a base value, listed in the Scale of Values, along with the computer code for that element.
As the skater performs, the technical panel calls out each of the elements, to be entered into the computer. There are three members of the technical panel who work together to make these decisions, conferring after the program and reviewing video replay for any elements that were questionable.
Jumps are called according to takeoff and number of revolutions. If a multirevolution jump has less than the defined amount of rotation in the air, then the panel will call it "underrotated" (shown by a < symbol; scored at 70% of the full jump's base value) or "downgraded" (<< symbol; base value of the jump with the same takeoff and one less revolution, e.g., downgraded triple salchow starts from base value for a double salchow). The tech panel will also add an "e" symbol if a flip or lutz takes off from the opposite edge it's supposed to, or if the takeoff edge is unclear/flat.
For spins and step sequences, the panel calls the specific type of element and also assigns a level. Each of these categories of elements has a list of features that raise the level. All start at level 1 if they meet the basic definition of the element. If the skater gets credit for 2 features, the element is called as level 2; 3 features gives level 3; 4 features gives level 4.
The choreographed spiral sequence in the senior ladies' long program and the second step sequence in the senior men's long program no longer receive levels; they are given either a base mark of 2 points or no value if they don't meet the minimum requirements.
There are fine details to what the technical panel does, but that's the general overview.
So most of the technical score comes from the technical panel identifying exactly what the skater did.
The judging panel also contributes to the Technical Elements Score by assigning a grade of execution (GOE) to each element. If the element is satisfactory, they give a GOE of 0, which means the skater receives the base value for the element. If the judges think the element was better than just satisfactory they can give bonus points in the form of positive GOEs of +1, +2, or in rare cases +3. If the judges think that the element was flawed, they give negative GOEs of -1, -2, or -3 to be subtracted from the base value. The GOEs of all the judges for an element are averaged and the average is added to or subtracted from the base.
The Scale of Values lists how much each plus or minus is worth for each element so that the bonuses and reductions are not the same for easy, medium, and hard elements but are roughly proportional to the base values.
The base scores plus or minus GOEs for each element are added together to make the Technical Elements Score (TES).
The second score is the Program Components Score
The Judges each score each whole performance on a scale of 0-10 in five categories. See the program components explanations on the ISU page linked above for details.
The judges' scores for each component are averaged are multiplied by a factor (for junior and senior men's short programs the factor is 1) and all five are added together to obtain the Program Components Score (PCS).
The TES and PCS are added together to make the Total Segment Score (TSS).
Then there can also be 1.0-point deductions for falls and certain kinds of rule violations that are subtracted from the TSS.
The TSS for each segment of the competition (short and long program) are added together for the final results.
Now, if you want to get specific about the scoring of a particular performance, it will help to know whether you want to focus on how the tech panel called the elements, how the judges graded the elements, or how the judges scored the program components. If you're looking at final results, make sure to look at each segment of the competition separately because the overall results may not match the long program results.
Last edited by gkelly; 04-05-2012 at 09:57 AM.
By the way, you might find this resource from PJ Kwong/CBC useful as a slightly simplified overview of how the scoring works: